View previous topic :: View next topic 
Author 
Message 
nextstep Site Admin
Joined: 06 Jan 2007 Posts: 539

Posted: Sun Oct 05, 2014 2:59 pm Post subject: Minimal surface 


Hi all,
An introduction to the "minimal surfaces" subject and it's physical model application
From soap films to roof structures:
Quote:  Soap films are obtained by dipping a wire frame in soap solution and
they are a physical model of a complex mathematical concept : the minimal surfaces.
In mathematics, a minimal surface is a surface that locally minimizes its area.
Due to these qualities, soap bubbles films have been used with practical problem solving application.
Structural engineer Frei Paul Otto (31 May 1925), a German architect and structural engineer used soap bubble films to determine the geometry of a sheet of least surface area that spreads between several points, and translated this geometry into revolutionary "tensile roof structures".
A famous example is his West German Pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal.
For more information on
"tensile roof structures":http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensile_structure
Frei Paul Otto : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frei_Otto
In the images, two examples of tensile structures :
1) A cooling tower as an hyperboloid structure
2) The roof tensile structures by Frei Otto of the Olympiapark (Munich), with a minimal surface geometry 
Hyperboloid by taha_ab, on Flickr
Olympic_park_12 by taha_ab, on Flickr[/quote] _________________ Cheers,
Abderrahman 

Back to top 


nextstep Site Admin
Joined: 06 Jan 2007 Posts: 539

Posted: Sun Oct 05, 2014 3:35 pm Post subject: 


Hi all,
Ken Brakke, is the Susquehanna University mathematics professor who coauthored "The Physics of Microdroplets" and developed "Surface Evolver", a free interactive program for modeling liquid surfaces shaped by various forces and constraints.
His web site (http://www.susqu.edu/brakke/) gives an idea of his astonishing and fruitful work in the mathematical area!
In the "Triply Periodic Minimal Surfaces" website's section there is a description of the "minimal surface" along with a large set of examples:
"A minimal surface is a surface that is locally areaminimizing, that is, a small piece has the smallest possible area for a surface spanning the boundary of that piece. Soap films are minimal surfaces. Minimal surfaces necessarily have zero mean curvature, i.e. the sum of the principal curvatures at each point is zero. Particularly fascinating are minimal surfaces that have a crystalline structure, in the sense of repeating themselves in three dimensions, in other words being triply periodic. Many triply periodic minimal surfaces are known, some of which are pictured on this page"
Numerous minimal surfaces, such as the "Lidinoid Surface", can be described or approximated implicitly and/or parametrically:
MathMod script:
{
"Iso3D": {
"Component": [
"Lidinoid"
],
"Description": [
"Sven Lidin and Stefan Larsson"
],
"Fxyz": [
"((1/2)*(sin(2*x)*cos(y)*sin(z)+sin(2*y)*cos(z)*sin(x)+sin(2*z)*cos(x)*sin(y))(1/2)*(cos(2*x)*cos(2*y)+cos(2*y)*cos(2*z)+cos(2*z)*cos(2*x))+0.15)"
],
"Name": [
"Lidinoid"
],
"Xmax": [
"3"
],
"Xmin": [
"3"
],
"Ymax": [
"3"
],
"Ymin": [
"3"
],
"Zmax": [
"3"
],
"Zmin": [
"3"
]
}
}
Lidinoid by taha_ab, on Flickr _________________ Cheers,
Abderrahman 

Back to top 


nextstep Site Admin
Joined: 06 Jan 2007 Posts: 539

Posted: Sat Oct 11, 2014 11:32 pm Post subject: 


Hi all,
This document describe another interesting use of Soap films :
Quote:  Introduction
Some Motivating Scenarios
1. A new submarine data cable needs to be laid across the Pacific Ocean, connecting several major cities
in Asia, North America, and South America. The longer the cable, the more it will cost, so what is the
cheapest way to lay the cable?
2. A new road network needs to be built between several cities in your state. Every city must be a part of
the road network. Since building roads costs money, what is the cheapest way to build the network?
3. A new electrical grid needs to be built for your town. Due to the budget, however, you need to use the
existing electrical substations and power plants. Electrical cable costs money. How do you most efficiently
connect the substations and power plants together? 
There is also a description of how to build your own materials to experiment with...
Have a fun _________________ Cheers,
Abderrahman 

Back to top 




You cannot post new topics in this forum You cannot reply to topics in this forum You cannot edit your posts in this forum You cannot delete your posts in this forum You cannot vote in polls in this forum

2005 Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group
